When human beings think that they know everything, the universe does not hesitate to give a surprise call. The best example was the story of Lord Kelvin. Lord Kelvin, a known physicist at that time, claimed that no new things are remaining to discover in the field of Physics. He delivered a speech about this topic while addressing the Advancement of Science in 1900. He was completely wrong at that moment. The 20th century witnessed some remarkable discoveries and findings.
According to physics, the Big Bang created an equal number of matters and antimatters. These two types of substances are mostly twins but having oppositely charged particles. When a matter meets with its antimatter counterpart, they killed each other, and their energy converted into lights. But, in our surroundings, we can only notice material made up of matter, not antimatter. Then where are these antimatter?
More about the Antimatter
In the Large Hadron Collider (LHC), when two protons collide with each other at high speed, both matter, and antimatter created in the system. Most of the antimatters decay to relatively lighter particles. The rate of decay is not the same for matter and antimatter. After the collision, antimatter spread over the entire place; as a result, the protons are difficult to spot. Therefore, scientists find it difficult to formulate their properties and unable to know the reason behind their surprising disappearance.
But, scientists are expecting that the evolution of three new colliders in the next decade will change the current scenario forever. One of the three new colliders is Future Circular Collider, having a tunnel length of 100 km in Geneva. The collider will collide electrons instead of the proton at extremely high speed. Scientists are very hopeful about the result of electron smashing. Experts believe that the antimatter disappearance is related to dark matter- which constitutes 85% of the mass of the universe.