Lightening
Image Credit: Physics World

Most people often ignore the power of the lightening, unless previously hit by one. Over the decades, scientists studied more about this natural phenomenon and revealed how powerful the lightning is. The study suggests that the power of lightning could transform atoms and produce antimatter. Previously, researchers added an instrument in the International Space Station (ISS) to analyze multiple physical phenomena caused by a bolt of lightning. The device tracked the mechanism of energy spread out through the ionosphere.

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More about the Details of Lightening

Scientists attached a device called Atmosphere–Space Interactions Monitor into the International Space Station to know the effects of lightning. The hardware got lots of praise from the critiques community for its performance. ASIM is nothing but a combination of multiple hardwires, such as two gamma-ray detectors, two X-ray detectors, two optical-wavelength light meters, two high-speed cameras, and three UV detectors. The high profile instrument is necessary to track the movement of lightning, as it propagates to all directions very quickly. There is less number of electrons at the origin point of a lightening. As a result, the electricity moves very fast to the electron-heavy atmosphere. When these electrons travel in a curly path or slow down, it radiates energy. They radiated energy often called bremsstrahlung radiation. The lost amount of energy is massive in nature. 

The radiated energy affected several scientific things. If the gamma radiation collides with the nucleus of an atom, the subatomic particles in the atom become radioactive. On the other hand, if the natural phenomena let the photons to concentrate, they form matter and antimatter pairs. As a result, antimatter often comes to the notice during the lightning. 

These discoveries will help human beings to know more about antimatter and their properties. Researchers are hopeful to discover many more attributes of the lightening in the future. 

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