A 15-year study conducted by the Carnegie Institution for Science describes the origins and diversity of all known minerals on Earth, which is a masterpiece of work that will help rebuild the Earth’s life history, guide new exploration of minerals and metal deposits, predict future life features, and assist in planetary exploration. And external health.
In two papers published today by the American Mineralogist and partially sponsored by NASA, Carnegie scientists Robert Hazen and Shaunna Morrison described a new method of binding or separating new species based on when and how they emerged.
Once the mineral genesis has been calculated, the number of “mineral species” – the newly named name – has grown to more than 10,500, almost 75% more than the approximately 6,000 mineral species recognized by the International Mineralogical Association (IMA) regularly. Of crystal formation and chemical composition only.
“This work is drastically changing our view of the world’s mineral diversity,” said Drs. Hazen, Staff Scientist with the Earth and Planets Laboratory, Carnegie Institution for Science, Washington DC.
Eighty percent of the world’s minerals are lemonade.
“For example, more than 80% of the Earth’s minerals are composed of water, which is very important for the diversity of minerals on this planet. In addition, this explains one of the main reasons why the Moon, Mercury, and even Mars are far apart.
“Work also tells us something very profound about the role of biology,” he adds. “One-third of the Earth’s minerals could not have been formed without biology — shells and bones and teeth, or germs, for example, or the indirect role of biological science, such as the formation of oxygen-rich oxygen that led to 2,000 minerals. I have built another way. “
“Each mineral model has a history. Each one tells a story. Each one is a template that reflects the past of the Earth as nothing else can.”
Forty percent of Earth’s mineral species are composed of more than one structure.
According to the paper, nature makes up 40 percent of the Earth’s mineral species in more than one way — for example, both with life and the help of cells — and in several cases, used more than 15 recipes to produce the same crystal structure and chemicals. Make-up.